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National Parks of Nepal

18

Jul
2018
National Parks of Nepal
Posted By : Trek Nepal Himalayas /56259

 

  1. Chitwan National Park
Name Formally known as Royal Chitwan National Park
 

Area

932 sq.km (Chitwan, Makawanpur and Nawalparasi)
 

Established

1973 A. D
 

Altitude

200 meters above sea level
 

Climate

Tropical monsoon
 

Vegetation

Tropical monsoon forest
 

Mammals

68 species
 

Birds

650 species
 

Reptiles

40 types of snakes,Gharial, Mughar Crocodile, Indian Rock Python
 

Popular for

One-horned rhinoceros, Royal Bengal tiger, Leopard, Sloth bear, Water buffalo
 

Popular Birds

Bengal florican, Lesser adjutant, Grey-crowned prinia, Swamp francolin , Grass warblers, Slender-billed babblers, Oriental darter, Egrets, Bitterns, Kingfishers , Spotted eagle, Jungle fowl , Peafowl
 

And

Chitwan National Park is also an UNESCO World Heritage Listed Sites.

 

 

  1. Bardia National Park
Name Formally known as Royal Bardia National Park
 

Area

968 sq.km (Bardia)
 

Established

1976 A. D
 

Altitude

80-150 meters above sea level
 

Climate

Tropical monsoon
 

Vegetation

Mixture of grassland, savannah and riverine forest.
 

Mammals

53 species
 

Birds

406 species
 

Reptiles

40 types of snakes,Gharial, Mughar Crocodile, Indian Rock Python
 

Popular for

One-horned rhinoceros, Royal Bengal tiger, Leopard, Bison

 Biggest Elephant “RAJA GAJA” was found in Barida National Park

 

 

  1. Sagarmatha National Park          
Name Sagarmatha National Park
 

Area

1148 sq.km (Solukhumbu)
 

Established

1976 A. D
 

Altitude

2780-5300 meters above sea level
 

Climate

Alpine
 

Vegetation

Alpine
 

Birds

118 species
 

Popular for

Red Panda, Snow Leopard, Himalayan Musk Deer, Himalayan Black Bear, Himalayan Thar
 

And(1979 A.D)

Sagarmatha National Park is also an UNESCO World Heritage Listed Sites.

 

 

 

  1. Rara National Park                                                               
Name Rara National Park
 

Area

106 sq.km (Mugu-90% and Jumla- 10%)
 

Established

1976 A. D
 

Altitude

1500-5000 meters above sea level
 

Climate

Alpine
 

Vegetation

Alpine
 

Birds

350 species
 

Popular for

Red Panda, Leopard, Himalayan Musk Deer, Grey Wolf, Leopard Cat, Pangolin

 

 

  1. Langtang National Park          
Name Langtang National Park
 

Area

1710 sq.km (Rasuwa, Nuwakot, Sindhupalchowk)
 

Established

1976 A. D
 

Altitude

1500-7234 meters above sea level
 

Climate

Alpine
 

Vegetation

Alpine
 

Birds

350 species
 

Popular for

Red Panda, Snow Leopard, Himalayan Musk Deer, Himalayan Black Bear, Himalayan Thar, Common Langoor, Wild Boar
 

And

Bird paradise, spotted red panda and snow leopard for the first time

 

 

 

  1. Shey Phoksundo National Park                    
Name Shey Phoksundo National Park
 

Area

3555 sq.km (Dolpa)
 

Established

1984 A. D
 

Altitude

1500-6000 meters above sea level
 

Birds

150 species
 

Popular for

Snow Leopard, Himalayan Musk Deer, Grey wolf, Wild yak, Tibetan antelope

 

 

  1. Khaptad National Park          
Name Khaptad National Park
 

Area

265 sq.km (Bajang, Doti, Bajura, Acham)
 

Established

1984 A. D
 

Altitude

1500-5000 meters above sea level
 

Birds

200 species
 

Popular for

Snow Leopard, Himalayan Musk Deer, Grey wolf, Wild yak, Barking deer

 

 

  1. Makalu Barun National Park                    
Name Makalu Barun National Park
 

Area

1500 sq.km (Sankhuwasaba)
 

Established

1991 A. D
 

Altitude

1500-5000 meters above sea level
 

Birds

300 species
 

Popular for

Red Panda, Snow Leopard, Himalayan Musk Deer, Grey wolf, Wild yak, Clouded Leopard wolf, Pangolin

 

 

  1. Shivapuri Nagarjun National Park                              
Name Shivapuri Nagarjun National Park
 

Area

159 sq.km (Kathmandu, Nuwakot, Sindhupalchowk)
 

Established

2002 A. D
 

Altitude

1350-1850 meters above sea level
 

Birds

250 species (Including Spiny Babbler)
 

Popular for

Spotted Leopard, Red Panda, Leopard Cat, Wild boar, Barking deer, Pangolin, Common Langoor

 

 

  1. Banke National Park                                                            
Name Banke National Park
 

Area

550 sq.km (Banke)
 

Established

2010 A. D
 

Altitude

80-150 meters above sea level
 

Birds

300 species
 

Popular for

One-horned rhinoceros, Royal Bengal tiger, Leopard, Sloth bear, Wild elephant, Spotted deer

 

 

  1. Shukla Phanta National Park
Name Shukla Phanta National Park
 

Area

305 sq.km (Kanchanpur)
 

Established

1976 A. D
 

Altitude

80-150 meters above sea level
 

Birds

300 species
 

Popular for

One-horned rhinoceros, Royal Bengal tiger, Leopard, Sloth bear, Wild elephant, Swamp deer, Black buck

 

 

  1. Parsa National Park                                                              
Name Parsa National Park
 

Area

607 sq.km (Bara)
 

Established

1984 A. D
 

Altitude

200 meters above sea level
 

Birds

300 species
 

Popular for

One-horned rhinoceros, Royal Bengal tiger, Leopard, Sloth bear, Wild elephant, Bison, Pangolin

 

Notes: –

  • Chitwan National Park is the most popular national park among tourist. 1 nights 2 days/2 nights 3 days/ 3 nights 4 days is most popular packages.
  • Bardia National Park is second popular destination and is famous for Royal Bengal Tigers.

 

  • Red Panda and Snow Leopard were first spotted in Langtang National Park
  • In 2033 B.S, Shivapuri Jaladhar Chettra was declared and later it was combined with Nagajurn and become Shivapuri Nagarjun National Park.
  • The Red Panda in Shivapuri Nagarjun National park has migrated from Langtang National Park.
  • Snow Leopard, Red Panda, One-horned Rhinoceros, Royal Bengal Tiger are some of the endangered species.